Pious Brief Narrative in Medieval Castilian and Galician Verse
From Berceo to Alfonso X
Published by: The University Press of Kentucky
"Brief narratives," or medieval precursors to the modern short story, are compositions couched in the form of a tale of reasonable short length. They began with writings in Latin and, eventually, made their way into the vernacular languages of Europe. They include the fable, the apologue, the exemplum, the saint's life, the miracle, the biography, the adventure tale, the romance, the jest, and the anecdote, among others. In Spain, the oldest extant brief narratives in written form are in verse and date from the late twelfth and early thirteenth centuries. The earliest examples include La vida de Santa Maria Egipciaca and El libre dels tres reys d'Orient. Both are concise enough to be read in one sitting and were probably read before or after meals as entertainment.
In Pious Brief Narrative in Medieval Castilian and Galician Verse, John E. Keller studies the structure of the pious brief narrative, including such works at the Cantigas de Santa Maria of Alfonso X and Gonzalo de Berceo's Milagros de Nuestra Senora, among others. He examines which narrative techniques were employed by their authors, including versification, music, and the pictorial arts as aids to narration. Using nine basic elements -- plot, setting, conflict, characterization, theme, style, effect, point of view, and mood or tone -- Keller shows how writers in medieval Spain employed more sophisticated uses of these techniques than has previously been recognized.
The Folktale and Its Contributions
The Beginnings of Brief Narrative in Spain
Gonzalo de Berceo
The Cantigas de Santa Maria of Alfonso X el Sabio
"An important contribution to Hispanic Medieval Studies, for it discovers the subtler artistic dimensions of the verse brief narrative and confers upon it a sense of dignity and purpose not fully appreciated until now." -- South Atlantic Review
"A truly significant contribution to the study of the medieval short narrative.... Keller's book should be commended not only because of its meticulous study of the short narratives, but also because of its original approach." -- Modern Language Journal