Henry Watterson and the New South
The Politics of Empire, Free Trade, and Globalization
Published by: The University Press of Kentucky
Henry Watterson, editor of the Louisville Courier-Journal during the tumultuous decades between the Civil War and World War I, was one of the most influential and widely read journalists in American history. At the height of his fame in the early twentieth century, Watterson was so well known that his name and image were used to sell cigars and whiskey. A major player in American politics for more than fifty years, Watterson personally knew nearly every president from Andrew Jackson to Woodrow Wilson. Though he always refused to run, the renowned editor was frequently touted as a candidate for the U.S. Senate, the Kentucky governor's office, and even the White House.
Shortly after his arrival in Louisville in 1868, Watterson merged competing interests and formed the Courier-Journal, quickly establishing it as the paper of record in Kentucky, a central promoter of economic development in the New South, and a prominent voice on the national political stage. An avowed Democrat in an era when newspapers were openly aligned with political parties, Watterson adopted a defiant independence within the Democratic Party and challenged the Democrats' consensus opinions as much as he reinforced them.
In the first new study of Watterson's historical significance in more than fifty years, Daniel S. Margolies traces the development of Watterson's political and economic positions and his transformation from a strident Confederate newspaper editor into an admirer of Lincoln, a powerful voice of sectional reconciliation, and the nation's premier advocate of free trade. Henry Watterson and the New South provides the first study of Watterson's unique attempt to guide regional and national discussions of foreign affairs. Margolies details Watterson's quest to solve the sovereignty problems of the 1870s and to quell the economic and social upheavals of the 1890s through an expansive empire of free trade. Watterson's political and editorial contemporaries variously advocated free silverism, protectionism, and isolationism, but he rejected their narrow focus and maintained that the best way to improve the South's fortunes was to expand its economic activities to a truly global scale.
Watterson's New Departure in foreign affairs was an often contradictory program of decentralized home rule and overseas imperialism, but he remained steadfast in his vision of a prosperous and independent South within an American economic empire of unfettered free trade. Watterson thus helped to bring about the eventual bipartisan embrace of globalization that came to define America's relationship with the rest of the world in the twentieth century. Margolies's groundbreaking analysis shows how Watterson's authoritative command of the nation's most divisive issues, his rhetorical zeal, and his willingness to stand against the tide of conventional wisdom made him a national icon.
"In this meticulously researched and forcefully argued study, Margolies deftly traces the outspoken and mercurial Watterson's long career with special attention to the southern nationalist's positions on American foreign policy. While examining Watterson's activities and commentary, Margolies renders highly instructive insights regarding the history of U.S. journalism, Democratic politics, and turn-of-the-century American imperialism." -- Joseph A. Fry, author of Dixie Looks Abroad
"This able study considers Watterson's public life only and draws largely on a close reading of numerous published editorials. Margolies's strength lies in his patient willingness to work through Watterson's sometimes conflicting, often hazy prescriptions for regional and national problems. The resulting volume contributes admirably to historians' understanding of both U.S. imperialism and the global position of the New South." -- Randal L. Hall, Rice University
"Margolies develops his thesis convincingly and readably. His use of the Watterson papers at the Library of Congress is masterful, along with a long list of other primary documents. Watterson is lifted from the role of an important editor of his time to one with wide ranging contacts, reach, potential influence, and a generally consistent intellectual position that demanded attention, if not agreement." -- Wallace B. Eberhard, Journalism History
"Margolies attempts a 'full reappraisal' of this eccentric Kentucky editor, both the bitter partisan who loved a good name-calling brawl and, surprisingly, the forward-looking editor who sought to broaden America's understanding of economic self-interest abroad." -- Journal of Southern History
"Daniel S. Margolies brings Watterson to the attention of a new generation of scholars. Margolies tells Watterson's story in an engaging way." -- Peter A. Coclanis, American Historical Review
"This excellent body of scholarship adds to our understanding of how and to what extent Watterson shaped that hegemony." -- Joseph M. Santos, Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era