At the close of World War II, the United States went from being allied with the Soviet Union against Germany to alignment with the Germans against the Soviet Union -- almost overnight. While many Americans came to perceive the German people as democrats standing firm with their Western allies on the front lines of the Cold War, others were wary of a renewed Third Reich and viewed all Germans as nascent Nazis bent on world domination. These adversarial perspectives added measurably to the atmosphere of fear and distrust that defined the Cold War.
In Enemies to Allies, Brian C. Etheridge examines more than one hundred years of American interpretations and representations of Germany. With a particular focus on the postwar period, he demonstrates how a wide array of actors -- including special interest groups and US and West German policymakers -- employed powerful narratives to influence public opinion and achieve their foreign policy objectives. Etheridge also analyses bestselling books, popular television shows such as Hogan's Heroes, and award-winning movies such as Schindler's List to reveal how narratives about the Third Reich and Cold War Germany were manufactured, contested, and co-opted as rival viewpoints competed for legitimacy.
From the Holocaust to the Berlin Wall, Etheridge explores the contingent nature of some of the most potent moral symbols and images of the second half of the twentieth century. This groundbreaking study draws from theories of public memory and public diplomacy to demonstrate how conflicting US accounts of German history serve as a window for understanding not only American identity, but international relations and state power.
Introduction: Answering the German QuestionTomorrow the World: Images of Germany before the Cold WarGermany Belongs in the Western World: Germany and Consensus Politics in American, 1945-1959Your Post on the Frontier: Germany in an Age of Consensus, 1945-1959The Anti-German Wave: Maintaining and Challenging Consensus in the Age of Chaos, 1959-1969We Refuse to be "Good Germans": Germany in a Divided Decade, 1959-1969The Hero Is Us: Representations of Germans since the 1960sConclusion: The Significance of the German Question in the Twenty-First Century
"A very impressive piece of scholarship. Etheridge clearly establishes the significance of memory politics, and in a valuable twist to the normally US-centric literature, the book establishes the importance of examining both American and non-American actors." -- Steven Casey, author of Cautious Crusade: Franklin D. Roosevelt, American Public Opinion, and the War against Nazi Germany
"This book addresses a compelling and fascinating feature of the Cold War Era, namely the rapid reversal of America's alliance relationships after World War II. It is an excellent account of this change, highly readable and clear in its exploration of a complex subject." -- Thomas A. Schwartz, coeditor of The Strained Alliance: US-European Relations from Nixon to Carter
"Etheridge's book Enemies to Allies is a very convincing and informative study that offers a fascinating insight into the American perception of West Germans as well as the construction of an American identity during the 1950s and 1960s.... His study is an excellent starting point for scholars exploring other aspects of German postwar history, German-American relations, and the role of public perception in the shaping of foreign policy." -- H-Net
"This excellent book will be of interest to those studying war and memory, the history of recent German-American relations, and the origins of the postwar Western alliance." -- Journal of Military History
"Well written and accessible, it provides a fascinating perspective on the "politics of memory" and how public perceptions are influenced by myriad sources of information." -- Military Review