The Arthurdale Community School
Education and Reform in Depression Era Appalachia
Place Matters: New Directions in Appalachian Studies
Published by: The University Press of Kentucky
The first of many homestead communities designed during the rollout of the New Deal, Arthurdale, West Virginia, was a bold experiment in progressive social planning. At the center of the settlement was the school, which was established to improve the curriculum offered to Appalachian students. Offering displaced and unemployed coal miners and their families new opportunities, the school also helped those in need to develop a sense of dignity during the Great Depression.
The first book-length study of the well-known educational experiment, The Arthurdale Community School illuminates the institution's history, influence, and impact. Founded on American philosopher and reformer John Dewey's idea that learning should be based not on competition but on community, and informed by First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt's guidance, the Arthurdale project sought to enable both children and adults to regain a sense of identity and place by studying the history and culture of Appalachia. Its goal was not to produce workers for global capitalism but to provide citizens with the tools to participate in a democracy.
Author Sam F. Stack Jr. examines both the successes and failures of this famous progressive experiment, providing an in-depth analysis of the Arthurdale School's legacy. A fascinating study of innovation and reform in Appalachia, Stack's book also investigates how this project's community model may offer insights into the challenges facing schools today.
"No one is better qualified to guide us through the complexities of the Arthurdale experiment than Professor Stack." -- Richard Angelo, College of Education, University of Kentucky
"Stack offers a clear picture of the people and events in the life of the Arthurdale Community School." -- Dalton Curtis, Southeast Missouri State University
"Stack is to be commended for broadening our perspectives on both progressive education and Arthurdale." -- West Virginia History
"It is a much-needed study of progressive education on the local level in a rural, poor region." -- The Journal of Southern History
"[Stack] illuminates a history that may not be widely known outside the field and, through careful research and critical analysis, provides fresh insights into the broader history of progressive movements in the South." -- Ohio Valley History