Religion and Resistance in Appalachia
Faith and the Fight against Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining
Published by: The University Press of Kentucky
In the last fifty years, the Appalachian Mountains have suffered permanent and profound change due to the expansion of surface coal mining. The irrevocable devastation caused by this practice has forced local citizens to redefine their identities, their connections to global economic forces, their pasts, and their futures. Religion is a key factor in the fierce debate over mountaintop removal; some argue that it violates a divine mandate to protect the earth, while others contend that coal mining is a God-given gift to ensure human prosperity and comfort.
In Religion and Resistance in Appalachia: Faith and the Fight against Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining, Joseph D. Witt examines how religious and environmental ethics foster resistance to mountaintop removal coal mining. Drawing on extensive interviews with activists, teachers, preachers, and community leaders, Witt's research offers a fresh analysis of an important and dynamic topic. His study reflects a diversity of denominational perspectives, exploring Catholic and mainline Protestant views of social and environmental justice, evangelical Christian readings of biblical ethics, and Native and nontraditional spiritual traditions. By placing Appalachian resistance to mountaintop removal in a comparative international context, Witt's work also provides new outlooks on the future of the region and its inhabitants. His timely study enhances, challenges, and advances conversations not only about the region, but also about the relationship between religion and environmental activism.
Religion, Place, and Mountaintop RemovalSeeking Justice: Religion, Service, and Defending the Poor in AppalachiaCaring for Creation: Environmental Stewardship and Theocentric Activism in AppalachiaDefending Mother Earth: Biocentrism and Nature-Venerating SpiritualitiesReligion, Friction, and Cultural Encounter in the Anti-Mountaintop Removal Movement
" Religion and Resistance in Appalachia: Faith and the Fight against Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining captures and interprets the complexities of what is going on -- religiously, as well as politically, economically, and socially -- among protestors fighting for their homes in Appalachia. Witt's careful study sheds new light on the role of faith in protest, and anyone interested in religious environmentalism should read this book." -- Kevin O'Brien, associate professor of Christian ethics at Pacific Lutheran University
"Witt skillfully describes and analyzes the meaning and significance of place from various religious and utilitarian perspectives, including competing claims to place. This is an important contribution to the publisher's "Place Matters: New Directions in Appalachian Studies" series and as a historical case study of the activism component of spiritual ecology. This case study certainly deserves wide readership and far more public attention for the phenomena it documents." -- Choice
"Joseph Witt's Religion and Resistance in Appalachia is well written, illuminating, and persuasive on several matters of great importance. Witt's extensive, concrete, fair-minded, and subtle exploration -- drawing on socio-political and ecological evidence, analysis of religious studies scholarship, interviews, and participant observation -- gathers a great deal of useful information.The book is a welcome addition to interdisciplinary literature, especially in Appalachian Studies, about the role of culture in contexts of social conflict. It highlights the multi-layered, fluid, and contested nature of religious practices." -- Reading Religion
"A master of the multiple historiographies involved, Witt recognizes the centrality of place and identity to the discussion of religion and mountaintop removal in Appalachia. His work is among the few that link religion and environmentalism." -- West Virginia History
"A welcome addition to the growing body of scholarship on grassroots opposition to mountaintop removal coal mining in Appalachia. This book fills a major gap in our understanding of the values that motivate people to risk relationships, property, and occasionally their lives in order to preserve the landscape around them." -- Journal of Southern History
"A useful primer for Appalachian and religious studies. He [offers] church historians a valuable resource that belongs on the bookshelf near Deborah Vansau McCauley's Appalachian Mountain Religion and Mark R. Stoll's Inherit the Holy Mountain." -- Anglican and Episcopal History