In Integrated, James W. Miller explores an often ignored aspect of America's struggle for racial equality. He relates the story of the Lincoln Institute -- an all-black high school in Shelby County, Kentucky, where students prospered both in the classroom and on the court. In 1960, the Lincoln Tigers men's basketball team defeated three all-white schools to win the regional tournament and advance to one of Kentucky's most popular events, the state high school basketball tournament. This proud tradition of African American schools -- a celebration of their athletic achievements -- was ironically destroyed by integration.
This evocative book is enriched by tales of individual courage from men who defied comfort and custom. Miller describes how one coach at a white high school convinced his administrators and fans that playing the black schools was not only the right thing to do, but that it was also necessary. He discusses John Norman "Slam Bam" Cunningham, the former Lincoln Institute standout who became an Armed Forces All-Star and later impressed University of Kentucky Coach Adolph Rupp on the Wildcats' home floor. Miller also tells the story of a young tennis prodigy whose dreams were denied because he could not play at the white country club, but who became the first African American to start for an integrated Kentucky high school basketball championship team.
Featuring accounts from former Lincoln Institute players, students, and teachers, Integrated not only documents the story of a fractured sports tradition but also addresses the far-reaching impact of the civil rights movement in the South.
"This book successfully captures the spirit, resilience, and history of Lincoln Institute. Miller tells an important story using race and sports as a lens for understanding a forgotten piece of Kentucky history." -- Gerald L. Smith, Theodore A. Hallam Professor of History at the University of Kentucky and coauthor of The Kentucky African American Encyclopedia
"The Lincoln Institute, to many Kentuckians and particularly to many African American Kentuckians, has extra special meaning because it was an extraordinary place for students. The Lincoln Institute not only provided opportunities for individuals to grow academically, mentally, and personally; it also offered opportunities for athletic achievements. If you are looking for some exciting reading with a historical basis on a school that touched the lives of many Kentuckians, then Integrated is for you." -- Raymond M. Burse, former president of Kentucky State University
" Integrated is more than the story of the Lincoln Institute basketball teams' triumphs and tragedies after the 1954 and 1955 Supreme Court decisions. It is more than the story of the survival of Lincoln Institute from 1912-1966, especially the last thirty-one years under the leadership of Dr. Whitney Young, Sr. It is more than the story of courageous black and white Americans using athletics to pave the way for the desegregation of the public schools in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. It is more than the story of an all-Black boarding high school that came into existence because of segregation and closed its doors because of desegregation. It is more than "A Whistle from mid-court" in 1960 that Lincolnities still talk about. It is much more! It is a story of hope, courage, perseverance and dignity." -- Andrew Baskin, Chair and Associate Professor of African and African-American Studies, Berea College
"In this book, James Miller explores an overlooked topic in America's struggle for equality. He charts the impact of the civil rights movement in Kentucky as shown through the lens of the Lincoln Institute, an all-black high school famed for both its academic and athletic prowess. Miller gives readers not only a comprehensive story of the school from its inception to its ultimate unraveling in the face of integration, but also a basketball story, replete with the stories of stars in the making and the administrators who helped along the way." -- Northern Kentucky Heritage
"Miller's seminal narrative of Kentucky's Lincoln Institute in Shelby County fills a void in African American, Kentucky, education, and sports history.
[A] tribute to African Americans in the age of racial segregation during the transition to integration." -- Ohio Valley History
"An excellent piece of Kentucky history." -- Kentucky Libraries