The Struggle for Cooperation
Liberated France and the American Military, 1944--1946
Published by: The University Press of Kentucky
During World War II, French citizens expressed that the German occupiers behaved more "correctly" than the American combat troops who replaced them. In The Struggle for Cooperation: Liberated France and the American Military, 1944--1946, author Robert L. Fuller presents a unique perspective on the relations between France and the United States during the Second World War. Until the summer of 1944, the German Army made real efforts to fare well with the French to make their occupation duties easier. The Americans also tried to get along with the French; however, American GIs were subjected to looser discipline than German soldiers. Most GIs behaved appropriately, but the small number who did not created an unfavorable impression among the French -- which created tension, mutual feelings of suspicion and dislike, and occasional displays of outright hostility. Yet, because the war against the Axis powers was also France's war, most French, especially officials, wanted to work cooperatively with the Americans to play their part in winning it.
Fuller reveals how the French handled various issues that demanded cooperation, including the requisition of French property, the treatment of Axis prisoners of war, the utilization of French transportation networks, GI crime, and the effective American takeover of the port of Marseille. Other interactions, such as controlling black markets and caring for displaced persons, fostered both cooperation and friction. Fuller establishes how all of these issues offered the possibility of working together peacefully or in conflict, and how -- more often than not -- the results ended with positive and amicable actions.
"Robert Fuller's The Struggle for Cooperation is an eye-opener for Americans whose often rosy picture of the liberation of France is that of enthusiastic French citizens. The reality, as Fuller makes clear in this fascinating book, was far more complex and messy. Replete with colorful accounts of hundreds of specific events, Fuller's book, based on archival research reaching far and wide, tells us much about how the liberators, though initially warmly welcomed by the crowds, left a mixed legacy that would affect future Franco-American relations." -- Charles L. Robertson, author of When Roosevelt Planned to Govern France
"Robert Fuller's engaging account makes accessible the complex and evolving issues of American involvement in a war-damaged country. The Struggle for Cooperation shows that, while Americans at many levels of the military operated effectively and with good intent, the number of bad actors and bad actions must be acknowledged as an essential, though often neglected, part of the story of the liberation of France and the conclusion of the war." -- Kathryn Ragsdale, University of California, Irvine
"I would recommend the book to anyone interested in civil-military relations during wartime. It is a must-read book for those in the military working with a civilian government in a war zone." -- Charles H. Bogart, The Journal of America's Military Past
"Robert L. Fuller bridges the gap between Allied relations, policy, and their effects on French civilians in The Struggle for Cooperation: Liberated France and the American Military, 1944-1946. Fuller adds to the historiography by covering understudied portions of World War II in Europe, French daily life after liberation, and American soldiers away from the front lines. As a result, Fuller has produced a nuanced, complicated view of the priorities of both the French and Americans that adds to our understanding of the period." -- H-Net Reviews