Remaking the World
Decolonization and the Cold War
Published by: The University Press of Kentucky
Imprint: The University Press of Kentucky
Sales Date: 07/25/2023
Between 1945 and 1965, more than fifty nations declared their independence from colonial rule. At the height of the Cold War, the global process of decolonization complicated US-Soviet relations, while Soviet and American interventionism transformed the decolonizing process.
Remaking the World examines the connections between the Cold War and decolonization, which helped define the post–World War II global order. Drawing on new scholarship, this comprehensive study provides a chronological overview from World War I to the Soviet collapse and highlights key developments in the international system as decolonization unfolded in tandem with the Cold War. Through six carefully selected case studies—India, Egypt, the Congo, Vietnam, Angola, and Iran—historian Jessica M. Chapman addresses the shifting of Soviet, American, Chinese, and Cuban policies, the centrality of modernization, the role of the United Nations, the often-outsized influence of regional actors like Israel and South Africa, and seminal post–Vietnam War shifts in the international system. Each of the case studies analyzes at least one geopolitical turning point, demonstrating that the Cold War and decolonization were mutually constitutive processes in which local, national, and regional developments altered the superpower competition.
Chapman presents a picture of the complexities of international relations and the ways in which local communist and democratic movements differed from their Soviet and American ties, as did their visions for independence and success.
2. Decolonization and the Cold War: Reshaping the Global Order
3. India: The Promises and Perils of Non-Alignment
4. Egypt: The Crush of Arab Nationalism
5. The Congo: A Moral Defeat in the Heart of Africa
6. Vietnam: Cold War Crucible
7. Angola: A Tangled Web in Southern Africa
8. Iran: A Case of 'Occidentosis'
In this imaginatively conceived, deeply informed, and vividly written book, Jessica Chapman brings out the many intricate linkages between the struggles for decolonization and the rivalries of the Cold War. Stunning in its scope and novelistic in its pacing, Remaking the World shows how each of these global dramas shaped, complicated, and tragically prolonged the other, bequeathing a perilously unjust international order. Scholarly and general readers alike will be enriched by this wise and bracing account.~Salim Yaqub, author of Imperfect Strangers: Americans, Arabs, and U.S.–Middle East Relations in the 1970
A significant contribution to Cold War histories, Chapman deftly explores decolonization as a coherent global phenomenon, while capturing the complexity and specificity of individual national movements. With clear, persuasive writing and nuanced analysis, Remaking the World charts the collision between decolonization movements and the Cold War that shaped the 20th century, making it an essential text for scholars and students alike.~Vanessa Walker, Gordon Levin Professor of Diplomatic History, Amherst College, author of Principles in Power: Latin America and the Politics of U.S. Human Rights Diplomacy, Amherst College
This remarkable book offers a lively historical reconstruction of decolonization and superpower competition, but also explains how these fundamental dynamics of the twentieth century shaped one another. In clear and captivating prose and with an admirable balance between global view and textured case study, Remaking the World is destined to feature on syllabi, exam reading lists, and many a bookshelf. Jessica Chapman has given us a compelling account of the world we have all inherited.~John Munro, author of The Anticolonial Front: The African American Freedom Struggle and Global Decolonization, 1945-1960
Remaking the World is a perfect classroom book. Incisive, broad in coverage, and written in clear and accessible prose, it expertly captures the explosive intersection of the global and the local, as the geopolitical forces of the Cold War ran up against the complex dynamics of decolonization. Chapman's astute analysis is certain to benefit students and more established scholars alike.~Scott Laderman, Professor of History at the University of Minnesota Duluth, author of Empire in Waves: A Political History of Surfing
Remaking the World is an astonishingly well-written, lucid, and engaging synthesis of the intersection of the Cold War and decolonization and its impact in the so-called Third World. Chapman masterfully relates the agency of Asian, sub-Saharan African, and Middle Eastern actors in shaping their post-colonial national destinies without disregarding the meaningful roles assumed by the United States, the Soviet Union, and China in conditioning the history of the Global South after 1945. This is a remarkable scholarly balancing act accessible to everyone.~Pierre Asselin, Dwight E. Stanford Chair in US Foreign Relations at San Diego State University
In this masterful new synthesis, Jessica Chapman demonstrates that the true costs of the Cold War were paid by the inhabitants of the Global South. Chapman's penetrating analysis and crisp narrative beckons us to abandon once and for all the 'triumphalist' account of that epic conflict. Comprehensive and accessible, this thought-provoking study is required reading for anyone who seeks a full understanding of how the Cold War shaped the modern world.~John Sbardellati, author of J. Edgar Hoover Goes to the Movies
Remaking the World: Decolonization and the Cold War artfully and accessibly distills a rich scholarly literature on the double-helix of decolonization and the Cold War. In the wake of the international, transnational, and cultural turns, scholars have rethought the notion of a Europe-centered Cold War globe backlit by a few tropical hot-spots scattered here and there. Chapman helps us to see instead the holistic and lateral connections between the superpower conflict, anticolonial nationalism, and the retreat of the Columbian empires.~Jason Parker, Texas A&M University
Jessica Chapman has written a sweeping history of the Cold War's fateful collision with the global process of decolonization in India, Egypt, the Congo, Vietnam, Angola, and Iran. Put together, these cases reveal a tangled web of misunderstandings, miscalculations, and misplaced priorities on the part of both Washington and Moscow that often carried tragic consequences for postcolonial societies as well as the superpowers themselves.~Paul Thomas Chamberlin, author of The Cold War's Killing Fields
Remaking the World is an astonishingly well-written, lucid, and engaging synthesis of the intersection of the Cold War and decolonization and its impact in the so-called Third World. Chapman masterfully relates the agency of key Asian, African, and Middle Eastern actors in shaping their own post-colonial national destinies without disregarding the meaningful roles assumed by the United States, the Soviet Union, and China therein. This book constitutes a remarkable scholarly balancing act that is also highly readable.~Pierre Asselin, Dwight E. Stanford Chair in US Foreign Relations at San Diego State University