The New Southern University: Academic Freedom and Liberalism at UNC
Established in 1789, the University of North Carolina is the oldest public university in the nation. UNC’s reputation as one of the South’s leading institutions has drawn some of the nation’s leading educators and helped it become a model of the modern American university. However, the school’s location in the country’s most conservative region presented certain challenges during the early 1900s, as new ideas of academic freedom and liberalism began to pervade its educational philosophy. This innovative generation of professors defined themselves as truth-seekers whose work had the potential to enact positive social change; they believed it was their right to choose and cultivate their own curriculum and research in their efforts to cultivate intellectual and social advancement. In To Carry the Truth: Academic Freedom at UNC, 1920–1941, Charles J. Holden examines the growth of UNC during the formative years between the World Wars, focusing on how the principle of academic freedom led to UNC’s role as an advocate for change in the South.
Charles J. Holden, professor of history at St. Mary’s College of Maryland, is the author of In the Great Maelstrom: Conservatives in Post–Civil War South Carolina. He lives in Solomons, Maryland.
"A valuable account of how issues of academic freedom played out at the South's leading institution of higher education between the World Wars, thereby illuminating both the general history of academic freedom and of that university."--John T. Kneebone, author of Southern Liberal Journalists and the Issue of Race, 1920-1944 -- John Kneebone
"Charles J. Holden’s stimulating history of academic freedom at the University of North Carolina during the 1920s and 1930s adds new depth to the study of a core principle of American higher education."--Randal Hall, author of Lum and Abner: Rural America and the Golden Age of Radio
"As someone who writes about academic freedom at the level of philosophical abstraction, I am at once enlightened and chastened by Charles Holden's 'on the ground' history of what academic freedom really means in action at a major educational institution. This book forcefully reminds us that there are some battles that have to be fought again and again."--Stanley Fish, author of How to Write A Sentence and How To Read One
"The University of North Carolina in the middle part of the 20th century has long enjoyed a reputation as a bastion of intellectual seriousness and progressive social vision in the conservative South. In this engaging book, Holden meticulously examines the ideas and commitments that lay behind this reputation as well as the intellectual, social and political limits that, in the end, bound the university. This fine work is deeply revealing, both about the inner workings of higher education and why it sometimes sits so uneasily in the community around it."-- Melissa Kean, University Historian at Rice University
“Holden’s concise, well-argued book charts the difficulties of implementing and protecting that ‘spiritual goal.’”--Charlotte Observer
“Holden’s excellent book reminds us of the tensions that circumscribed academic freedom then and now. Disseminating intellectually honest information and solving societal problems remain core values of the university.”--News and Observer
“Holden has well illustrated why the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill was, by the 1930s, widely acclaimed as the leading southern university.” --North Carolina Historical Review