The Conversion of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg
From Isolation to International Engagement
Published by: The University Press of Kentucky
The United States has looked inward throughout most of its history, preferring to avoid "foreign entanglements," as George Washington famously advised. After World War II, however, Americans became more inclined to break with the past and take a prominent place on the world stage. Much has been written about the influential figures who stood at the center of this transformation, but remarkably little attention has been paid to Arthur H. Vandenberg (1884--1951), who played a crucial role in moving the nation from its isolationist past to an internationalist future.
Vandenberg served as a U.S. senator from Michigan from 1928 to 1951 and was known in his early career for his fervent anti-interventionism. After 1945, he became heavily involved in the establishment of the United Nations and was a key player in the development of NATO. As chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee during 1947 and 1948, Vandenberg helped rally support for President Truman's foreign policy -- including the Marshall Plan -- and his leadership contributed to a short-lived era of congressional bipartisanship regarding international relations.
In The Conversion of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg, Lawrence S. Kaplan offers the first critical biography of the distinguished statesman. He demonstrates how Vandenberg's story provides a window on the political and cultural changes taking place in America as the country assumed a radically different role in the world, and makes a seminal contribution to the history of U.S. foreign policy during the initial years of the Cold War.
Hamilton's Impact, 1906-1928
The Republican Moderate, 1928-1936
Toward Insulation, 1934-1937
Isolationism Challenged, 1938-1941
The Impact of World War, 1941-1945
The Conversion Experience, 1945
The Senator as Diplomat, 1945-1946
The Senator as Statesman, 1947-1948
Charter and Treaty, 1948-1949
In Retrospect, 1950-1951
"Without Vandenberg, U.S. containment of the Soviet Union would have experienced a severe setback. Moreover, the U.S. might well have entered the United Nations, if it did at all, with less than enthusiastic support. While some have touched on this topic, none have done so with Kaplan's thoroughness. Kaplan remains our leading NATO scholar and is particularly appropriate to pursue this topic." -- Justus Doenecke, author of Nothing Less Than War: A New History of America's Entry into World War I
"Lawrence S. Kaplan scrupulously retraces the way in which Vandenberg remade himself from a standard-issue Republican right-winger to an icon of the anti-Communist liberals. [He] has provided an authoritative account of Vandenberg's political and intellectual pilgrimage." -- The Weekly Standard