The Turkish Arms Embargo
Drugs, Ethnic Lobbies, and US Domestic Politics
Published by: The University Press of Kentucky
Imprint: The University Press of Kentucky
Sales Date: 08/03/2020
Drawing on newly available archival materials from the Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter Presidential Libraries, James F. Goode offers a revolutionary analysis of the complex factors leading to the imposition and continuance of the 1975–1978 Turkish Arms Embargo. He demonstrates that, alone, the human rights issues surrounding the Republic of Turkey's invasion of Cyprus fail to explain the resulting US-Turkish estrangement. Instead, he contends, factors including deep-seated "Turkophobia," growing concern about a deadly heroin epidemic in the United States, and pro-Greek lobbies played important roles in heightening tensions and extending the embargo.
This timely study will not only change how this period is understood, but it will also provide valuable insights into the future of international relations in the Middle East and beyond.
List of Illustrations
List of Abbreviations
1. Background to Crisis
2. Killing America's Children: The Heroin Crisis
3. Making Turkey Pay
4. Turning Congress
5. "They Have Made a Mess of Cyprus"
6. The Embargo Must Go
8. Epilogue: De Facto Partition
Appendix: The International Debate over Human Rights Violations
A transformative work. Goode has provided what will be the definitive study of US-Turkish relations during an era of institutional, ideological, and strategic change.~Robert David "KC" Johnson, author of All the Way with LBJ: The 1964 Presidential Election
James Goode has done some truly impressive research to resurrect a little-known episode from the 1970s with big implications for US foreign policy in the years ahead.~Douglas Little, author of Us versus Them: The United States, Radical Islam, and the Rise of the Green Threat
Goode's book is a lesson for U.S.-Turkish relations and a timely warning to U.S. leaders to try and understand Turkish leaders and their motives better if Washington hopes to benefit U.S. interests in the Eastern Mediterranean and the stability and peace of the whole region.~Middle East Quarterly