The Turkish Arms Embargo
Drugs, Ethnic Lobbies, and US Domestic Politics
Published by: The University Press of Kentucky
In August 1974, while Richard Nixon resigned and Gerald Ford began a prolonged battle with Congress over executive power, a crisis was occurring in Cyprus. Desperate to shore up its declining popularity with a foreign policy triumph, the military government of Greece tried to overthrow the government of the independent island nation. In response, the Republic of Turkey invaded Cyprus in order to protect Turkish Cypriots. The invasion led to the downfall of the junta in Athens, the beginning of a United States embargo on arms sales to its ally Turkey, and years of increased tension and mistrust between the two nations.
In his book, James F. Goode offers a revolutionary analysis of the complex factors leading to the imposition and continuance of the 1975--1978 Turkish Arms Embargo. He demonstrates that, alone, the human rights issues surrounding the invasion fail to explain the resulting US-Turkish estrangement. Instead, he contends, factors including deep-seated "Turkophobia," growing concern about a deadly heroin epidemic in the United States, and pro-Greek lobbies played important roles in heightening tensions and extending the embargo.
Goode draws on newly available archival materials from the Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter Presidential Libraries as well as the often-overlooked personal papers of key congressmen to present the most complete analysis of the affair to date. This timely study will not only change how this period is understood, but it will also provide valuable insights into the future of international relations in the Middle East and beyond.
"A transformative work. Goode has provided what will be the definitive study of US-Turkish relations during an era of institutional, ideological, and strategic change." -- Robert David "KC" Johnson, author of All the Way with LBJ: The 1964 Presidential Election
"Jim Goode has done some truly impressive research to resurrect a little-known episode from the 1970s with big implications for US foreign policy in the years ahead." -- Douglas Little, author of Us versus Them: The United States, Radical Islam, and the Rise of the Green Threat